Thursday, April 4, 2019

Financial Management Midland Energy Resources Finance Essay

Financial Management Midland faculty Resources Finance EssayIn the Midland Energy Resources quality study we stop that it has its operations divide amongst three sepa prise divisions. All these three divisions have divergent functions and need a separate sack rate to evaluate its projects. Midland occasions its cost of detonator for many different ways. In order to give the sack Midlands cash flows we go for the weighted average cost of not bad(p). hither the cost of debt is easier to calculate by pickings the bond yield plus risk premium approach. The Capital Asset Pricing Model is employ to calculate the cost of equity. In case of CAPM, the calculation of beta requires significant judgment. We use the industry data to calculate the beta. dissolvent 1Mortensens estimates are used for the followingIn case of asset appraisals for capital budgeting and financial accountingIn case of MA proposalsIn case of assessment of performancesIn case of stock repurchase decisions at different divisions and business unit directs.Solution 2Calculating rDIn this case Mortensen computed the cost of debt for each of the three divisions by adding a premium over the US treasury securities of a similar maturity.In order to find rD, we do not use CAPM but we use the interest rate that we are currently paying on the new loans.Here we see that the merge spread to treasury is given as 1.62%Thus, rD = 30 year yields to U.S Treasury bonds + Overall Consolidated beam to TreasuryrD = 4.98% + 1.62%rD = 6.60%Calculating the impose rateThe appraise rate is calculated on the basis on the Exhibit 1 as average over the years 2004, 2005 and 2006.T here(predicate)fore the tax rate scrape up out to be (Midlands Income Taxes / Midlands Income Before Taxes and the Average across 2004, 2005, 2006)= 39%Calculating EMRPBased on the reveal in this case, we see that the traditional data showed is approximately 6.0% EMRP and the surveys show lower EMRP (2.5% to 4.7%) based on a researc h over the industry with the help from outsiders who have broader industry knowledge, which would result in a recrudesce and up-to-date EMRP.Researches in consultation with its professional advisors, bankers and investors, as well as Wall Street analysts finishing the industry agreed on the current estimate of 5.0%.As the analysts on the industry, bankers and investors have broader information from different companies and executives, it can be concluded that the approach of outside consulting and the result of 5.0% estimate is appropriate.Calculating rEHere we use 5.0% as its Equity Market Risk Premium.The corporate is publicly available, and as it represents corporate level , well use 1.25 as it is for Overall Corporate WACC calculation.rE = rf + (EMRP)rE = 4.98% + 1.25 (5%) = 11.23%Calculating WACC prone + Calculated information rE 11.23%, rD 6.60%, tax rate 39%, D/E 59.3%, E= 100units, D =59.3units, V=159.3units,E/V= 0.62774639, D/V=0.37225361Using the formula we get, WACC =rE (E/V) + rD(D/V) (1-t)= 8.548%Solution 3The confederacy here, Midland, is a large enterprise and has diverse business units with different risks. In the case here we see that the Equity Beta represents the risk factor of those divisions. (Exhibit 5).We also see here that the risk profiles and different here as per the division and the hurdle rates for those divisions should also be different and calculated based on the of the divisionIn this case Midland should not use single corporate hurdle rate as this will mislead evaluation of the investments, and will result on Midland invest on risky projects and will become risky a corporate by timeBut on the other hand if Midland invests on corporate level using the corporate level WACC.Solution 4Calculating EPrE = rf + (EMRP)rE = 4.98% + 1.15 (5%) = 10.73%rD = rf + EP Spread to TreasuryrD = 4.98% + 1.60% = 6.58%rE =10.73%rD =6.58%tax rate= 39%D/E= 39.8%E=100unitsD=39.8unitsV=139.8unitsE/V =0.715308D/V= 0.284692WACC for EP= 8.818%Calculati ng RMrE = rf + (EMRP)rE = 4.98% + 1.20 (5%) = 10.98%rD = rf + RM Spread to TreasuryrD = 4.98% + 1.80% = 6.78%rE= 10.98%rD= 6.78%Tax rate= 39%D/E= 20.3%E= 100unitsD= 20.3unitsV= 120.3unitsE/V =0.831255D/V= 0.168745The value of WACC = 9.825%The business units all these industries of Midland operate on are different and and then they have different risk profiles and s and also different credit ratings.Also as a result the EP and RM have different WACC values.Solution 5In order to calculate the cost of capital in case of Petrochemical, we would search for the couple of companies which focus only on Petrochemical industry and then use their fact sheet in order to get an average on their and D/E ratio.By taking into account the data available to us (exhibit 5) and using the arithmetic averages on D/E ratio and we can calculate cost of capital for Petrochemical division.Corporate = Average (EP , RM , Petrochemical )1.25 = Average (1.15, 1.20, Petrochemical )Petrochemical = 1.40rE = rf + (EMRP)rE = 4.98% + 1.40 (5%) = 11.98%rD = rf +Petrochemical Spread to TreasuryrD = 4.98% + 1.35% = 6.33%Corporate D/E = Average ( EP D/E, RM D/E, Petrochemical D/E)59.3% = Average (39.8%, 20.3%, Petrochemical D/E)Petrochemical D/E = 117.8%rE= 11.98%rD= 6.33%Tax rate= 39%D/E= 117.8%E= 100 unitsD= 117.8 unitsV= 217.8 unitsE/V= 0.459137D/V= 0.540863The value of WACC = 7.589%

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