Saturday, January 18, 2020
The word old brings to most people in our society an image of homeless, helpless, forlorn derelicts inhabiting park benches, slum hotels, nursing homes and other institutional ghettos. The elderly and aging population is poised to be the center of attention in the coming years since the Baby Boom generation will be retiring. Consequently, these retired individuals shall be experiencing the different problems that come with the concept of aging and that is their quality of life is disturbed as they are hampered by chronic illnesses or chronic physical pain, depression or simply just the inability to perform several activities of daily living.(Understanding Aging as a Social Process 2005). These particular tasks must be performed well by an individual or else he or she may be classified as disabled. And this disability is the one issue that every aging person in America faces. According to Erik Erikson, each of us passes thru eight psycho-social stages in our life where we are all face d with a crisis. The last two stages in a manÃ¢â¬â¢s life, middle adulthood and the aging years will be carefully discussed in this reaction paper, and the life of real-life models will be revealed to verify if EriksonÃ¢â¬â¢s theories are right.The elderly face the crisis of Ã¢â¬Å"integrity versus despair. Ã¢â¬ This paper is based on an actual interview with an 88-year old male who is showing early signs of the AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s disease. This paper looks into the plight of the elderly population and presents the different ways they are presently treated and are seen as a kind of abuse of this sector of the population. It also hopes to start a momentum and take a conscious effort for those who are able to act for these individuals and represent them and their varying plights for a better quality of life.The Case of Paul, male, 88 years old with AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s Disease Paul, who now is 88 years old, has resentments about his accomplishments. He did not finish any degree an d just marries with 6 sons and daughters who are also unfulfilled like him. He has grand daughters and grand sons who live in the same neighborhood with him. He still has unfulfilled dreams and desires because of stagnation during his younger days. He would always say: Ã¢â¬Å"Life has been hard, thatÃ¢â¬â¢s why.Ã¢â¬ By nature, the old man is a jolly and funny person but behind his words, you can feel a trace of sadness and frustration on how life had been hard on him. Instead of dreaming more, he would prefer to look up to younger folks who have been successful so far with their life. He would prefer telling stories about other people, cracking jokes about his friends, unable to talk much about his own accomplishments because inside him, he feels he has not achieved much in life. AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s disease is manifesting in Paul now. He fumbles with his hands and is quite mentally incapable of being consistently coherent.Constantly needing assurance, I help him to understand ho w his clothes look good on him and he beams radiantly at the compliment, eyes and face crinkling. He is forgetful now, peering into my face and asking who I am even if I am his niece. He appreciates how I talk to him so kindly. I focus on what he needs in the process, how the he seems to be coping with his life, what sort of help he is seeking, what sort of help he may need, and my ability to participate in the helping process with him, given his needs. During the time I spend with him, I managed quite well in relating with him verbally most of the time.He had lucid moments at times but was quite conversant during other times that kept me on my feet in terms of history and other interesting topics that would often crop up during our conversation. Talking with him involved an interactive process based on certain fundamental principles in counseling and communication. The interactive process with the elderly can be based on a generic model of helping such that of Egan (1975). His mode l for counseling and communications includes three stages wherein the person is expected to begin with self-exploration, move to deeper levels of self-understanding and finally to develop a plan of action.While engaging him in an active verbal conversation, he describes his past life. He forgets the name of his eldest child but that is all right. I help him differentiate conditions of the past from conditions of the present so that a clearer understanding of attitudes and behaviors emerge. I was able to build the trust needed in this kind of session, and at the same time help the client focus on concrete concerns about which he personally must make. Then, I use that trust that has been built to get involved more potently in helping him understand himself.I now respond not just to what he says but also to what he implies. Mental and Emotional Condition The mental and emotional condition of old people is a major issue in designing for the welfare of the elderly. Often, aging is associ ated with increased depression, loneliness and lower self-esteem as old people begin to be unable to do the usual activities they do while they were still young and strong. The need to move out of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s home also adds to the emotional issues that the senior may be facing.It becomes apparent that facilities and environments created specifically for the elderly should promote mental and emotional well-being, aside from addressing the general health and medical needs of these people. Developmental Theories According to Erik Erikson, each of us passes thru eight psycho-social stages in our life where we are all faced with a crisis. The last two stages in a manÃ¢â¬â¢s life, middle adulthood and the aging years will be carefully discussed in this reaction paper, and the life of real-life models will be revealed to verify if EriksonÃ¢â¬â¢s theories are right.The aging years of any person are a time when he or she either feels fulfilled and satisfied, or becomes in despair: this is the age of 65 and above. Usually, those who have fulfilled their social roles satisfactorily in middle-adulthood are those who become happy and active until their last days on earth. Those who have failed with their dreams and social roles are the ones who have poor health and illnesses in their old age. During this time, an individual asks himself if he has lived well.If he looks back with regret, it is an indication that his failures overpower his achievements. Meanwhile, Peck (1968) modified EriksonÃ¢â¬â¢s last stage, ego integrity, which he elaborated into two broad periods: middle age and old age. Peck subdivided each of these periods again into stages and said that these stages may occur in a different time sequence for different individuals and thus do not imply sequentiality. The theme of transcendence iterated by Peck appears in the thinking of several other life span developmental theorists.For example, Erikson (1950, 268) says of the individual in Stage 8: Ã¢â¬Å"He knows that an individual life is the accidental coincidence of but one life-cycle with but one segment of history. PeckÃ¢â¬â¢s ego transcendence versus ego preoccupation puts it as this, Ã¢â¬ËThe constructive way of living the late years might be defined in this way: To live so generously and unselfishly that the prospect of personal deathÃ¢â¬âthe night of the ego, it might be calledÃ¢â¬âlooks and feels less important than the secure knowledge that one has built for a broader, longer future than any one ego ever could encompass.Ã¢â¬ Nuances of the AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s Disease The AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s Disease Fact Sheet of the National Institute on Aging explains in detail the AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s Disease. It is under the AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s Disease Education and Referral Center and defines first the word as a brain disorder that seriously makes a person unable to carry on with his activities. It then clarifies that the most common form of dementia among the elderly is Alzheime rÃ¢â¬â¢s disease (AD). This is a disease that involves particular portions of the brain that controls thought, memory and language.To date, this disease is still incurable and most experts are at a loss as to what causes it. Basically, this site contain valuable information about the disease including contact persons and their telephone numbers and locations so that one can easily consult with those who are equip to handle and give advice. Clarifying further, this disease begins after age 60, increasing with age. Discovered by Dr. Alois Alzheimer, a German doctor who observed that there were changes in the tissues of an old woman who died of an unusual mental illness.Upon closer inspection, it revealed clumps called amyloid plaques and bundles of fibers called a neurofibrillary tangle that is a sure sign of AD. (AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s disease Fact Sheet. National Institute on Aging). The NIH Senior Health website provides links to the disease, its causes and risk factors, symptoms and diagnosis, treatments and a site on Frequently Asked Questions. The elderly and aging population in the United States is increasing ever more and such ill-effects of old age occur more often such as injuries, disabilities, emotional pain and worst-case scenario, suicide.Without any participatory work done by the ones who are able-bodied, the elderly of America might not be as safe and as well-taken care of as they should be. Bottom line is that the quality of life of elderly people should not be compromised just because they have already finished their foremost contribution to society through hard labor. With one click, one is led to make more discoveries in the process. (NIH Senior Health). There are newer ways of spotting early symptoms of the disease from McCoyÃ¢â¬â¢s (2006) research.When water molecules move throughout the brain when it is damaged, then this processes of cellular damage can cause an increase in the Ã¢â¬Å"apparent diffusion coefficientÃ¢â¬ which measures t he amount of water in the brain. (McCoy, 2006). Friedland (2004) stated that estimates show that there will be more aging individuals requiring long-term care than people, whether family members or hired caregivers, who will take care of the senior citizens.He added that Ã¢â¬Å"family caregivers need all the help they can get to provide care, including purchasing modifications to the home, purchasing labor-enhancing and labor-saving technologies, and figuring out how best to integrate caregivers into their homesÃ¢â¬ (Friedland, 2004, 2). The issue of the effectiveness of the healthcare and housing systems for those with AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s disease is also important to consider. According to Lawler (2001), the current challenge is in the integration of the housing with the health care strategies for the elderly.She added that Ã¢â¬Å"most of the current inefficiencies in the delivery of aging services occur during the provision of both overcare, providing more housing or health care than required, and undercare, when inadequate service provision compounds problems and increases expenseÃ¢â¬ (p. 1). To address the health needs of the aging population, the American Dietetic Association [ADA] (2000) promoted the provision of Ã¢â¬Å"a broad array of culturally appropriate food and nutrition services, physical activities, and health and supportive care customized to accommodate the variations within this expanding population of older adultsÃ¢â¬ (p.580). The association also asserted that Ã¢â¬Å"medical and supportive services, including culturally sensitive food and nutrition services that are appropriate to levels of independence, diseases, conditions, and functional ability, are key components of the continuum of care (p. 580). Conclusion The right kind of assessment is the cornerstone of treatment and care for those individuals afflicted with AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s disease. Because assessment is so critical, clinicians must be certain that the models or princip les that guide the data collection and analysis lead to the richest possible view, of the client as a person.A person with AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s disease who comes to treatment with a history of successes and failures, traumas and satisfying experiences; a person with a culture that influences values, beliefs, and norms; a person with psychological archives that have shaped the individual's personality and patterned his or her interactions; a person who lives in an environment that imposes conditions on the quality of life; a person with an enduring drive to bring order to the world, to reduce the anxiety that accompanies psychological unrest, and to experience competence in valued activities.These dimensions of a person's life, singularly and in interaction with each other, constitute the Ã¢â¬Å"baggageÃ¢â¬ of the client that must be considered in the assessment process. The attempt to deal with a client's difficulties without taking stock of this larger context will probably result in ineffective treatment strategies because the clinician's understanding of the client's problems will be incomplete and the treatment plan will lack relevance.Indeed, the aging years of any person are a time when he or she either feels fulfilled and satisfied, or becomes in despair: this is the age of 65 and above. Usually, those who have fulfilled their social roles satisfactorily in middle-adulthood are those who become happy and active until their last days on earth. Those who have failed with their dreams and social roles are the ones who have poor health and illnesses in their old age. During this time, an individual asks himself if he has lived well. If he looks back with regret, it is an indication that his failures overpower his achievements.Elder care is significant since people over the age of 65 are usually prone to, and may be suffering from diseases, sometimes multiple diseases, and they would need to be accorded assistance somehow, although the assistance is in vary ing degrees. Frailty, diseases and disability are often correlated with old age. REFERENCES AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s disease. NIH Senior Health. Retrieved Nov. 7, 2006 at: http://nihseniorhealth. gov/alzheimersdisease/toc. html Erikson, E. (1950). Childhood and society. New York. Norton. Friedland, R. B.Caregivers and long-term care needs in the 21st century: will public policy meet the challenge? Georgetown University Long-Term Care Financing Project. McCoy, K. (2006). New Technique Might Help Diagnose AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s Disease. Retrieved Nov. 7, 2006 at: http://www. nlm. nih. gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_39170. html Peck, R. (1968). Psychological developments in the second half of life. In B. L. Neugarten (Ed. ) Middle age and aging. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Understanding Aging as a Social Process. (2005) Retrieved Nov. 7, 2006 at: http://www. roxbury. net/esgch1. pdf
Friday, January 10, 2020
The Honest to Goodness Truth on Health Psychology Essay Topics Much like an argumentative essay, a persuasive paper demands an adequate amount of expertise and knowledge of a particular field. The thesis statement which gives you the subject of the paper needs to be stated to allow readers to understand your central argument. If you're tasked to write a college essay, you're not alone. In such a scenario, a psychology essay example might be really valuable. A persuasive essay is a powerful tool when you will need to supply a new vision of a specific topic for the reader. The introduction provides readers with a summary of the paper. Essay writing is a significant skill, which you need to attempt to develop during the programme. It is an important part of your course. The War Against Health Psychology Essay Topics Again, input from your instructor can keep you from wasting time on a topic that provides little to continue. Since you may see, locating a suitable topic is not quite as simple as it might seem. Many folks would love to be in a position to move on when the action is taken or the choice is made and not look back. Health Psychology Essay Topics Help! Evaluating the topic will help to make certain you provide the correct answer and that whatever you write is related to the topic. In some instances, students simply devise the study and after that imagine the potential results which may occur. As a rule, they find it c omplicated to choose a proper topic. Undoubtedly the most exciting facets of That Catalyst for me are the students I'm privileged to fulfill each summer. Health Psychology Essay Topics Secrets Social psychological work was applied to a terrific many real-world settings. Psychologists utilize many tools as part of their everyday work. Today, they seek to understand many different aspects of the human mind and behavior, adding new knowledge to our understanding of how people think as well as developing practical applications that have an important impact on everyday human lives. If you get a general idea of what you would like to write about, start doing light studying to narrow down you topic. For instance, a fantastic psychological theory might be possible to prove wrong. If you're working with a psychiatrist, lots of the treatment could be focused on medication administration. You're able to then embark on research to receive ideas to strengthen your argument. Psychologists also utilize statistics to help them analyze the data they get away from their experiments. Research examined the essence of the consistencies and variability that characterize individuals distinctively across situations and over time and started to identify how different kinds of individuals respond to various kinds of psychological conditions. Psychologists strive to find out more about the many aspects that could impact thought and behavior, which range from biological influences to social pressures. Social psychologists have discovered that attractiveness can produce what is called a halo effect. The occupational psychologist aims to boost effectiveness, efficiency, and satisfaction on the job. The words psychologist and psychiatrist could possibly be confused with one another. The New Fuss About Health Psychology Essay Topics Psychologists are those who work in the area of psychology. The same as in any all-natural science, a group of psychologists cannot b e completely sure their theory is the best one. In some instances, certain schools of thought rose to dominate the area of psychology for a time period. These days, the department proceeds to flourish. Students who also make a teaching certificate together with their bachelor's degree in psychology may also become teachers. Since there are several career alternatives and specialty areas in psychology, it is worth it to devote some time researching which kind of psychologist you want to become. Certainly, psychology is among the most intriguing branches of science out there. Since you may see, while psychology might be a relatively young science it also has an enormous quantity of both depth and breadth. Social psychology is a significant discipline of psychology. It is one of an important discipline of psychology but it is some tome confused with the concept of sociology and personality psychology.
Thursday, January 2, 2020
Panel Discussion On April 21st, Dr. Saxe held a panel discussion that lasted an hour and 30 minutes. All type of people that work at the local and state level went there, from people running for different districts to the state representative, Chris Turner. During this panel of discussion, 8 persons had the time to introduce themselves, what theyÃ¢â¬â¢re running for, and what they would do if they get elected. This was a great day for this class because we had the opportunity to interact with people who holds positions in the state of Texas, giving us another view of how things work in Texas. The candidates presented during this panel discussion were Representative Chris turner, who serves in the higher education committee for district 101. Sheri Capehart, who serves in district 2, all of her sons graduated from Arlington ISD. Kelly Cannon, running for city council, district 1, she is the one involved with taking away the red lights in Arlington. A person running for district seven in favor of online voting, which I believe is ridiculous. Charlie Parker, heÃ¢â¬â¢s the district 1 incumbent and an ex-pilot from the navy. Dr. Victoria Myers, she taught political science in UTA but now she is running for district seven, which is responsible by how Arlington looks. John Hibbs, a member of the school district at Arlington, he has served there for 6 years. And last but not least Jamie Sullins, the president of Arlington Independent School District. All of these people intend to do what theyShow MoreRelatedThe Role Of House Boards In The Texas House Of Committees895 Words Ã | Ã 4 PagesThapa5 Asish Thapa Professor Sherry Sharifian GOVT-2306-71001 19th November 2017 Texas Committees If I allowed to serve in the house boards in Texas I would serve in the Environmental control panel, the Energy Resources council, the Human Service advisory group and Senate Committee on Agriculture, Water Rural Affairs. 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Tuesday, December 24, 2019
The deepening globalization and the following development of economy have made big changes in policies and economic structures in many developing countries, such as China, Mexico and Thailand. They were pushed in the trend to make economic transitions from agriculture dependent economy to export-oriented industrial economy. But any transitions to a new era cannot be painless; there must be someone who has to pay the price for this big change. Women as factories workers are going to become this group of people who get the greatest impact. A lower share of output and the continuously decline in employment in the agriculture indicated the structural change in China, Mexico and Thailand. And an increasing share of labor force ,including women and men ,entered in export-oriented manufacturing industry . Those women and men can no longer bear the low income due to the low prices of agricultural products which is the result of globalization that introduced the accession of WTO (Ngai.P 2007).Comparing to men who used to dominate the main proportions of labor force, women have a relatively larger percentage increase in participating industry work. Those women were not courage to find paid works but were responsible for unpaid household work, agrarian work and care of children in the past. However, because the decline of earnings from agriculture and the increase wages in manufacturing industry, even though they have limited education and qualifications, they still participate in theShow MoreRelatedHow Globalisation has affect ed developing countries in the Asia - pacific region1609 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthe world economy is the process of globalization. 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Presently, geographical and social barriers are no longer the primary barriers for doing business, they are the secondary hindrancesRead MoreGlobalization And Its Effect On Instructional Development1374 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesGlobalization as an idea has been developed as a part of both constructive and adverse route by diverse individuals in unique circumstances. Everybody takes a look at the idea from his or her perspective and hobbies. On the other hand, there is an understanding among all academics that globalization has had a tremendous effect on social orders on economic, political, and social levels. From the writing on globalization, it appears as though everything is globalizing in this world as a consequenceRead MoreThe benefits of global ization outweigh its cost. 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However, some aspects of globalization have resulted to the formation of structures that have resulted to exploitation and domination of labor force (Mohanty, 2013). Notably, when movement of labor is involved, issues about gender inequality arises and other aspects such as sexism, and racism as facets of colonialism in the current global economic era. For instance, women from developingRead MoreThe Implementation Of Neoliberal Policies1334 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageslittle ado, kicks them out of it. http://www.dollarsandsense.org/archives/2005/0905yearman.html MFA The implementation of neoliberal policies have greatly affected the way most industries are regulated, and has had a profound impact on the garment and textile industry in developing countries. The Apparel and textile industry is widely regarded as the starter industry for periphery countries. 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Monday, December 16, 2019
EDUCATION SYSTEM IN INDIA- HIGH SCHOOL In India, high school is a grade of education which includes Standards VII to X. Standards XI to XII called as Higher Secondary School or Senior Secondary School or Junior college. Some states refer to Standards IX and X as High School, while XI and XII are termed as Intermediate. We will write a custom essay sample on High School Education in India or any similar topic only for you Order Now Other states refer to VI, VII, VIII, IX and X (grades 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10) as Secondary school and XI and XII (grades 11 and 12) as Senior Secondary School. Usually, students from ages 14 to 18 study in this section. These schools may be affiliated to national boards like Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE) or National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) or various state boards. There were only 20 universities and 500 colleges in the Indian subcontinent (including Bangladesh and Pakistan) in 1947, the year of Indian independence. Now there are about 376 universities and 17,700 colleges in India only, many with world class physical infrastructure. Many private research institutes are also coming up on a regular basis. The only Nobel prize for India (Indian citizen at the time of the award) in science for C. V. Raman (1930, University of Calcutta) also came in that era. We also had many world class scientists during that time (e. g Satyen Bose, J. C. Bose, Homi Bhaba etc). Now India is the second fastest growing in the world and third largest economy in Asia with huge budget in so-called education and research. But we do not have any world class scientist (who has a slightest chance to get Nobel Prize in science) in India or abroad (as per a survey published in a reputed Bengali magazine, Ã¢â¬Å"DeshÃ¢â¬ , sometime ago). We see huge uproar when previous government wanted to Ã¢â¬Å"introduce accountabilityÃ¢â¬ in some elite institutes like IIM or IITs but we never see a fraction of that excitement among educated middle class people or our political masters to reform primary and secondary education although our primary and secondary education system, the backbone of our country, is in a pathetic shape. Our middle class people, who can not afford to send their kids abroad but dream to have a better, more powerful and comfortable life for their kids do not allow any meaningful reform of primary and secondary education since independence. Our current education system selectively discards talented students with inquisitiveness, ability to ask questions and dream to do something challenging, something better for the society. Now we only produce private tuition and coaching enabled, mugging-up grade technicians who are great to do routine jobs (as in IT or BT) or imitating others (mainly true for Indian Ramp;D sector in any branch of science and in any industry), but not capable of doing original research, despite of having many world class physical infrastructure, huge budget and some so-called Ã¢â¬Å"eliteÃ¢â¬ institutes. My recent experience with many graduate students form some high profile Indian institutes/universities indicate that the trend to emphasize on database type knowledge, quiz type information and fascination with techniques (not science as such) are still highly prevalent. No wonder India is among the least innovative nations in the world. Quality of Indian science education and research is going down at an alarming rate since independence, despite of huge increase in funding (1, 2, 3 and Balaram, P. (2002). Science in India: Signs of Stagnation. Current Science 82, 193-194. ). We need to invest much more and have an intensive and proper supervision of primary and high school education than wrongly focusing on higher education and research at the top level, at this time. Recently passed Right to education bill is a step towards the right direction. But here again we need to remember that many such great policies hardly achieve anything in reality and only limited within government files and the money ends up in the pockets of few selected people. Whatever money we spend on higher education and research is not going to give us any novel knowledge or technological edge unless we have right candidate behind the costly machines we buy. Now we produce mainly technicians, not scientists or technocrats and feel proud to export such raw materials to manpower-starved developed countries ( be it IT or BT, the two main pillars of Indian economy today). This might lead to some degree of prosperity in the short term but we are going to loose in a big way in the long run unless we totally overhaul our basic education system at primary and high school level. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s useless to cut the roots and then water on the top. S C H E M E SÃ Ã A N DÃ Ã PÃ R O G R A M M E S The development of Secondary Education sector is also guided by the following Centrally Sponsored Schemes: 1. Integrated Education for Disabled Children 2. Improvement of Science Education in Schools 3. Promotion of Yoga in Schools 4. Strengthening Boarding and Hostel Facilities for Girls 5. Environmental orientation to School Education. 6. National Population Education Project. 7. National Awards for Teachers. A brief description of each of these Schemes is given below. Vocationalisation of Secondary Education A Central Institution of Vocational Education named Ã¢â¬Å"Pandit Sunderlal Sharma Central Institute of Vocational Education (PSSCIVE)Ã¢â¬ was set up at Bhopal in 1993 under the overall umbrella of NCERT. The Institute acts as an apex level research and development organisation in the field of vocational education and provides directs and academic support to the programmes. Integrated Education for Disabled Children (IEDC) Under the scheme, financial assistance is provided for education of disabled children which includes assistance towards books and stationery, uniforms, transport allowance, readers allowance for blind children, escort allowance for severely handicapped children, boarding and lodging charges for disabled children residing in hostels, salary of resource teachers and helpers, setting up and equipping resource rooms, survey and assessment of disabled children, purchase and production of instructional material, training and orientation of resource teachers, funds for making modifications in school buildings and salary of an administrative Cell at the State level to implement and monitor the programme. According to the last survey conducted by the NSSO in 1991, the population of disabled children was estimated at 16. 15 million which is currently estimated to have gone up to 20 million. Under the Persons with Disabilities Act it has become mandatory for the Central/State/local governments to provide basic education to children with disabilities up to 18 years of age. The Act also calls for a series of activities to promote the education of such persons and mainstream them in general school system. Based on the provisions of the Act and experiences in recent years it is proposed to revise the existing IEDC for which a group has been set up. Improvement of Science Education in Schools With a view to identifying a nurturing talent in Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry at school level, the International Mathematical Olympiad (IMO), Internal Physics Olympiad (IPhO) and International Chemistry Olympiad (IChO) is held every year. India has been participating in these Olympiads since 1989, 1998 and 1999 respectively. Each participating country is required to send a team comprising not more than 6 secondary student contestants to IMO, 5 secondary student contestants at IPhO and 4 contestant students to IChO apart from a leader and deputy team leader. Environmental Orientation to School Education The National Policy on Education (NPE), 1986, provides that the protection environment is a value. The Scheme was initiated in 1988-89. The Scheme envisages assistance to voluntary agencies. The voluntary agencies are assisted for conduct of experimental innovative programmes aimed at promoting integration of education programmes in schools with local environmental conditions. Three Resource Centres namely (i) Uttra Khand Seva Nidhi, Almora (ii) CPR Environmental Education Centre, Chennai and (iii) Centre for Environment Education, Ahmedabad have been designated as nodal agencies for mobilisation, involvement and provision of financial support to NGOs/voluntary organisation in their respective regions for conducting innovative and experimental programmes in the field of Environmental Orientation to School Education. N A T I O N AÃ LÃ Ã P O P U L A TÃ I O N Ã Ã E D U C A T I O NÃ Ã P R O J E C T National Population Education Project (School Education) was launched in April 1980 with a view to institutionalise population education in the school education system. The objectives of the project are: i. Introduction of Adolescence Education (with major components like process of growing up, HIV/AIDS Education, Drug Abuse in Schools and Teachers Education); and ii. Re-orientation, updating and improvement of the elements of Population Education in the light of Programme of Action adopted by the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), held in Cairo in 1984. N A T I O N A LÃ Ã A W A R D SÃ Ã T OÃ Ã T E A C H E R S These were instituted in 1958. There are 302 awards out of which 20 awards are reserved exclusively for teachers of Sanskrit, Persian and Arabic teaching in traditional institutions. In order to be eligible the teacher should have put in 15 years of continuous service on the date of consideration of his claim by the State level Selection Committee. How to cite High School Education in India, Papers
Sunday, December 8, 2019
Question: Discuss About The Capabilities A International Market Growth? Answer: Introduction International business is one of the most important aspects that every manager needs to undertake for the expansion of the opportunities of an organisation. To do so it is necessary to access the environment of a country in which the business is targeted to expand (Russo Fouts 2017). The assignment provides the analysis of two countries, Canada and Indonesia in which an Australian company, Arnott wants to promote its product, Tim Tam. Canada is a developed country having the fifteenth-highest nominal per capita income. Business in Canada can be suited due to the existence of economic freedom and quality of life in the country. On the other hand, Indonesia is an archipelago and is one of the important regions for trade since early civilisation. Business is Indonesia can be risky due to the existence of native ethnic and linguistic groups. The assignment makes detailed comparisons about the business form in both the countries. Comparison of the countries Canada is considered as a developed country with high development in the Human Development Index and in the economy. Trade relations between Canada and the USA are string owing to the advantages it has for being neighbouring countries. For a country like Australia, an analysis needs to be made on the business environment that exists in the country. The comparison is made by using Hofstedes cultural dimension in an organisation (Hofstede-insights.com 2018). The analysis of Hofstedes cultural dimensions shows that the power distance in Canada marked by the interdependence it has on the individuals. This is mainly because the people of the region do not entertain the thought of class distinction in societies. The people of Canada value a straightforward exchange of information within the organisations. Individualism refers to the ability of employees to work in a group. In this case, the analysis shows that the rate of individualism is high in Canada. This indicates the fact that people look after their own need and are reluctant to provide necessary support required for success in the business (Samaha, Beck Palmatier 2014). The two dimensions counter one another, as, despite the low power distance, the employees of Canadian organisations tend to support one another easily. The masculinity score of 52, in the Canadian organisations, signify that competitiveness exists with the organisation as well as outside. Every employee aims to achieve success and because of it, the productivity of the organisations can improve rapidly. The work-life balance in the country also exists despite the urge to achieve success. Due to the competitive nature, organisations in Canada accept the uncertainty that is present in front of them (Larsen, Smith Rosenbloom 2015). They tend to be involved in innovating products and aim to try out new ventures. The culture is also less expressive and tends to break certain rules in the organisational setting. The analysis of the long-term orientation indicates that Canada respects the tradition of the land along with being innovative and adjusting to the modern society. Organisations are normative in their thinking and believe in achieving quick results for success. However, as observed by Mathews et al. (2016), the Canadian people remain positive and have a tendency to be optimistic in their work approach. The indulgence to control desires is less among the Canadian people. They spend a high amount of time on leisure to allow for spending more money to have personal fun time. Thus, it can be said that the Canadian cultural dimension displays positive results that can be exploited by Arnott while trying to promote their new product. Comparison between Canada and Indonesia On the other hand, the power distance in Indonesia is high that signifies the fact that the organisations depend upon hierarchy. There exist unequal rights between power holders and non-power holders that make it difficult for employees to work in a united method. The overdependence on the employers makes the employees vulnerable in taking decisions related to managerial activities. The level of individualism is low which means that the people of the country believe in collective working experience. They treat the employees with respect and remain dependent on the instructions that need to be provided to them. Thus, as observed by Meenaghan (2017), the two dimensions can be related due to the level of interdependence that is observed in the characteristics. Similarly, it is seen that the Indonesian people are low on masculinity level. The position of a person is considered more important than the competitive nature of the business. People seem to value equality, however; this is not present in the country due to a high power distance that exists between the employees and employers. Due to the existence of collectivism, decisions regarding organisations are taken using a collective method. It is also seen that the Indonesian culture have a low level of uncertainty avoidance. This means that the people value the work environment and the bad news is not spread within the organisation that may disrupt workplace balance. In other words, the people do not indulge in taking up challenging tasks for the betterment of the organisation (Armstrong et al. 2015). The analysis of the long-term orientation culture shows that Indonesia has a pragmatic orientation towards the society and work culture. People tend to believe that the truth depends upon the situation and tries to adapt the traditions with the change in the modern society. The people show an ability to save and invest along with the required perseverance to achieve the desired results. This can be attributed to the fact that in the Indonesian culture, the managers enforce upon changes (Baker Saren 2016). The indulgence result shows that Indonesian people are more pessimistic. The people are restraint in their activities and do not indulge in leisure time fearing the loss of jobs. Hence, the desires of the individuals are not fulfilled due to a negative attitude towards work and life. Hence, after the analysis of the cultural dimensions of both the countries, it can be said that in order to expand their business in the international borders, Arnott can look to expand its business in Canada. This is mainly because of the fact that the organisational cultural dimension in Canada is similar to that in Australia. The power distance in Australia consists of equality of rights for both the employees and the employers. Keegan Green (2015) observed that the individualist culture is similar to that followed in Canada. Apart from this, the high masculinity and the interest to take up challenges can help Arnott to gain success in the markets of Canada. Hence, it can be said that with the similarity in the nature of work done along with work culture and the similar mentality of the people, Arnott can blend in well in the marketing environment of Canada. Koh Wong (2015) stated that despite Indonesia being a successful country in terms of establishing trade relations with other countries, the dissimilar nature of the work culture might have a negative consequence for the expansion of the organisation as well as the product. Comparison between Australia, Canada and Indonesia Conclusion Hence, it can be said that to stage an international business it is necessary for an organisation to undertake a proper analysis of the various factors that govern the business environment. External as well as internal analysis is required that signifies the convenience of location. Analysing the work environment culture by using Hofstedes cultural dimension is an important strategy that companies can take to match the compatible nature of the business. In the case of the Australian company Arnott, the compatibility of the company matches with the Canadian culture thereby, providing an opportunity to expand its reach in the country. The fact that the nature of the business is competitive and the people develop a proper work-life balance can help the employees to continue its effective production of the product Tim Tam and look for further growth. Reference Armstrong, G., Kotler, P., Harker, M. Brennan, R., 2015.Marketing: an introduction. Pearson Education. Baker, M.J. Saren, M. eds., 2016.Marketing theory: a student text. Sage. Hofstede-insights.com 23 Jan. 2018.Compare countries - Hofstede Insights, https://www.hofstede-insights.com/product/compare-countries/ Keegan, W.J. Green, M.C., 2015.Global marketing. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson. Koh, A.C. Wong, J.K., 2015. The Impact of International Marketing Research on Export Marketing Strategy: An Empirical Investigation. InProceedings of the 1990 Academy of Marketing Science (AMS) Annual Conference(pp. 172-175). Springer, Cham. Larsen, T., Smith, B.A. Rosenbloom, B., 2015. Culture and Communication in International Marketing Channels. InGlobal Perspectives in Marketing for the 21st Century(pp. 13-14). Springer International Publishing. Mathews, S., Bianchi, C., Perks, K.J., Healy, M. Wickramasekera, R., 2016. Internet marketing capabilities and international market growth.International Business Review,25(4), pp.820-830. Meenaghan, T., 2017. The role of sponsorship in the marketing communications mix.International journal of advertising,10(1), pp.35-47. Russo, M.V. Fouts, P.A., 2017. A resource-based perspective on corporate environmental performance and profitability.Academy of management Journal,40(3), pp.534-559. Samaha, S.A., Beck, J.T. Palmatier, R.W., 2014. The role of culture in international relationship marketing.Journal of Marketing,78(5), pp.78-98.
Sunday, December 1, 2019
Research Proposal on Organizational Culture Essay Organizational culture is the system of values, views and types of behaviour which are shared between the employees of a firm and define the character of the functioning of the firm. Organizational culture is also the means of the creation of the organization which develops itself. The aim of organizational culture is to increase the profit of the firm with the help of the employeeÃ¢â¬â¢s loyalty and total support of the firm, the appropriate human resource management and approach towards production. The right strategy of organizational culture is able to develop the employeeÃ¢â¬â¢s spirit and credit towards the firm and it will improve the quality of their work. It is useful to develop the employeeÃ¢â¬â¢s attitude towards the firm like to their own home. As a result, they would appreciate their workplace and work hard for its improvement. Finally, the organizational culture is aimed at the creation of the right behavioral norms which would avoid conflicts or at least solve them in the peaceful way. We will write a custom essay sample on Research Proposal on Organizational Culture specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Research Proposal on Organizational Culture specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Research Proposal on Organizational Culture specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer The term Ã¢â¬Å"organizational cultureÃ¢â¬ appeared in the middle of the 19th century, when the first big businesses started to develop. The employers wanted to make their employees the part of their business and won their loyalty and respect. The employees began to be differentiated into the Ã¢â¬Å"friendsÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"enemiesÃ¢â¬ (enemies are the ones who belong to other firm). The core elements of organizational culture are: the right way of communication; cooperation; understanding the role of the individual for the organization; dress code; schedule; the right food consumption; healthy employee relations; norms and values of the organization; motivation; credit; symbols of the organization (rituals, emblems, taboos). Organizational culture is the interesting topic for discussion, because one should understand how a common firm is organized and what elements influence the development of the team spirit and loyalty towards the company. The student is able to make the research deeper and focus on the problem from all sides and answer to the questions which bother him. The research proposal is the assignment which is aimed to persuade the professor in the quality of the topic chosen for the research. One should prove that organizational culture and its structure, methods and elements are worth attention and share his expectations concerning the results of the research. It is quite complicated to prepare a good research proposal if the student does not have the writing experience which would be able to impress the professor. If one requires a quality hint about the manner and tone of the convincing writing, a free example research proposal on organizational structure of Google will be quite helpful. With the assistance of a free sample research proposal on organizational culture change the student is able to write a quality well-formatted informative paper. At EssayLib.com writing service you can order a custom research proposal on Organizational Culture topics. Your proposal will be written from scratch. We hire top-rated PhD and MasterÃ¢â¬â¢s writers only to provide students with professional research proposal help at affordable rates. Each customer will get a non-plagiarized paper with timely delivery. Just visit our website and fill in the order form with all proposal details: Enjoy our professional research proposal writing service!