Sunday, March 31, 2019
Sociological perspectiveA complete state of ones physical, mental and emotional well being back be defined as health. A healthy environment or society is a f bearor that determines the healthy of an psyche. From a sociological bear witness of view, a functioning society comprises of healthy bulk and respective(prenominal)s who be fit to control diseases (Durkheim, 1982). In view of murder and self-annihilation, this research paper looks into sociological theories and sociological perspective on murder and self-annihilation.IntroductionThere are various sociological perspectives that define how society views different actions taken by an several(prenominal). The various sociological perspectives are as a result of both macro sociology or micro sociology. The macro sociology examines and individual behavior in this none, an individual behavior can thus be as a result of the society he/she has lived in. on the former(a) had, micro sociology defines the means one looks at things. Sociologists founder defined felo-de-se as an act done in private and deficiencying approval from the society. concord to the theatre of operations conducted by Durkheim the level at which individuals may involve themselves with self-destruction acts is non determined by their level of insanity. In his study, he found knocked out(p) that men were more likely to get into suicide acts than were female. The rates of suicide acts were also in the increase when compared to wealthy and unmarried people. This in other words is to mean that some people are more habituated to committing suicide than others. The above noted level of differences in committing suicide corresponds to an individual level of complaisant consolidation. In simpler terms, individuals with greater social commitment have are less(prenominal) inclined to committing suicide than individuals who had little or no any commitment in the society (Durkheim, 1982).The sociological perspective kindly factors Emile Durkheim postulated that suicide occurs as a result of the kind of fit that an individual experiences in his or her society (Stillion McDowell, 1996, p. 65). Durckheim (1982) uses integrating system to show how an individual suicide acts relates to his/her involvement in the society. In his elaboration of social integration theory, the author has used two variable stars, that is, social integration and social regulation. In view to social integration, individuals are susceptible to self-absorbed suicide.Social integration variable measures the level of an individual acceptance to the shared beliefs in the society. In this case, there are those individuals who have current and those who have not genuine the set social beliefs. The author has distinguished this in terms of selfless suicide and egoistic suicide. In this case, individuals who have accepted the laid stamp out social beliefs are susceptible to altruistic suicide. Such individuals have a strong bond with the society or are deeply integrate into the society. An individual who happens to be over-integrated into the societal norms may have an ingrained list to kill themselves in an effort to abide to the set social imperatives.1 On the contrary, those individuals who lack a bond between them and the society become distanced from the social life and eventually become a victim of excess laissez faire leading to egoistic suicide (Stillion McDowell, 1996). In his explanation of these social factors, Durkheim argued that,The suicide rates of his time were higher among Protestants than among Catholics his explanation was that Catholics received more countenance from their church sequence Protestants were left more to their individual devices. At the uniform time, more single people committed suicide than married people and fewer married women with children committed suicide than unmarried women. Durkheim believed that the incidence of egoistic suicide is inversely related to family densit y (Stillion McDowell, 1996, p. 65).Social regulation variable refers to the degree of social control imposed by society on the individuals motives and feelings (Cutter, 1998, para. 4). In his explanations, the author has argued that those individuals who have a strong belief in social regulation are prone to fatalistic suicide while those on the contrary are susceptible to anomic suicides. Fatalistic suicide usually comes about when an individual is over-regulated and is oppressed by the society. In virtually cases, such oppression may be direct to a plastered group of people in the society.2 Individuals who commit anomic suicides usually lack society regulation.3 The author has also observed that individuals who are at the midway of these two variables or who are neither in the two categories are less prone to suicide. In other words, such individuals tend to foul from other causes a dowery from suicidal mode.Cutter (1998) in support of social regulation have argued that when the external societal restraints are not accepted or are weak, individual aggression may be directed towards self and as a result, individuals may result into suicidal behaviors/acts. In his explanation, the author quotes the work of Gibbs and Martin (1964) arguing that the rate of suicide of a macrocosm varies with the stability and durability of social relations within that population (Cutter, 1998, para. 5).According to Stillion and McDowell (1996), a suicidal behavior cannot be viewed outside of the context in which it occurs (Stillion McDowell, 1996, p. 64). In his explain, the authors point out that individuals in their varying cultures have their comical psychological problems at varying times. An augmented increase in the fellow feeling of how the body functions in relation to the prevailing literature on psychoanalytic literature have resulted to a decreased nurture in the go of individuals with this artificial physiological problem.Sociological perspective on murde rcriminological theories may either be classified in the social grammatical construction or in social process theory. The social structure theory assumes that some individuals are more susceptible to delinquency and criminality as a result of their status in the society or on the community.4 According to the social process theory, criminal behavior results from social nurture and socialization process. The society in which an individual lives in or has been brought up affects greatly his social understandings or groupings. For instance exposing a child to uncivilised acts in the society may serve as a worthy input to later violence behaviors. In support of this insight, Ronald Holmes and Stephen Holmes argues that the basic instruction of the person in society is predicted in no small part on the unique experiences that each person is exposed to in the variant of living a normal life (Holmes Holmes, 2009, p. 65).ConclusionIts of great value if suicide is viewed from a sociolo gical perspective. This will enable individuals to look at suicide deaths from different cultural environments at varying times in history. Such factors may help the suicidal students to understand their risks and thus aver the necessary advice. One may also observe that the society in which we live in clearly defines our behaviors or the expected behavioral acts in our life.ReferencesCutter, F. (1998). Review of the 20th century theories. Retrieved on February 23, 2010 from http//suicidepreventtriangle.org/Suichap3.htmDurkheim, E.(1982). The Rules of the Sociological Method, (Ed. by Steven Lukes trans. by W.D. Halls). New York, NY Free Press, pp. 50-59.Holmes, R. Holmes, S. (2009). Serial Murder the sociological perspective. Thousand Oaks, CA Sage.Stillion, M. McDowell, E. (1996). Suicide across the life span premature exits. New York, NY Taylor and Francis.1 A good example can be cadaverous from an Indian religious rite suicide acts named as Suttee. In this case, Indian widow would through themselves on their husbands funeral pyre, and thus committing suicide. Another example can also be drawn from the Japanese Kamikaze pilots of World War II. In this case, some upstart boys less than 15 years of age volunteered to fly planes on a rush to destroy U.S Ships. The planes provided for use unfortunately did not have enough send away for their trip back home. The mechanisms on the plane were also tampered with such that they would not have a safe landing at any time. this indicates that the young boys had the love of their country such that they were ready to commit suicide in exchange.2 Fatalistic suicide may be found among slaves or prisoners subjected to angry and punitive environments. For instance, in concentration camps.3 Evidence to support anomic suicide can be drawn from the fact that the rates of suicide tends to be in the increase in economic depression and in times of greater prosperity. In this case, since the individual lacks social regulatio ns, he/she therefore feels alien from the society (irrespective of societal wellbeing) and subsequently commits suicide.4 In this regard, poor people people are assumed to be more criminally inclined since they have in truth do not have access to the path leading to prosperity. However, although this is align to some extent, there is no evidence pointing out that murderers are poor or rich, black or white. In this regard therefore, one may argue that such killers may not have a clobber gain motive but rather, act on psychological gains.