Monday, February 4, 2019
The Problem of Evil Essay -- essays research papers
Is there any satisfactory way of reconciling the mankind of an all-powerful and all-loving perfection with the existence of natural evil (i.e. evil not re redressable to the misuse of human free will)? One of the central claims of the Judaeo-Christian tradition is the existence of an omnipotent and all-loving matinee idol. Against this is the observation that community and animals suffer evil. By common sense, we would derive from this observation that theology, as conceived in this tradition, does not exist - for, if He did, He would prevent the evil. This inference is called the Problem of Evil by those who profess 1 of the religions in the Judaeo-Christian tradition, and their attempts to solve the problem have given rise to a labyrinth of sophistry.Put briefly, the solution most comm barely espoused to the Problem of Evil is* whatsoever suffering is caused by others misuse of their own free-will (as in murder).* graven image does not intervene to stop people freely ch oosing evil becauseo people can be moral only if they freely choose surrounded by sound and evilo having virtuous people in the man is a greater good than eradicating evilo thusly God must allow people to be freeo thusly evil inflicted by other people is the price that God demands that we pay to enable some people to be virtuous. * Some suffering is caused by natural phenomena (as in earthquakes). Such occurrences enable people to be virtuous througho heroics, much(prenominal) as rescuing those in dangero strong faith in God, as it is harder to believe in God in the midst of griefo humility, as people make out they are powerless against the whim of God. * Again, God does not intervene because he is using the natural disasters to engender virtue. I shall examine a emergence of much(prenominal) personal line of credits, but first it is useful to clarify the nature of such debate.The nature of theological debateOne difficulty that arises in constitution about this subject is that the traditional view of God is ridiculous - as Humes Philo says, it is fixed only by the utmost licence of fancy and hypothesis, and the arguments put forward for it are transparently fallacious. In order to blend with the debate at all, one must feign a deficit in the application of ones powers of reason, for if one relied exclusively on reason for deciding what to believe, then one would dismiss religion out of hand. It is well cognise that people h anile their... ...answers here. First, although the discharge of benevolent deeds is a good thing, it is not such a great thing that it is worth inflicting war, pestilence, and old age on mankind. Second, there are ample opportunities for people to do great works that do not involve other peoples suffering. For instance, they could class concert halls, or run marathons, or make scientific discoverie, or write novels. The claim that great human achievements can be secured only through other peoples misery is an expression of pure evil, and not an argument for a benevolent God.ConclusionThe existence of evil (natural or otherwise) in the world cannot possibly be reconciled with the existence of an omnipotent and all-loving God. If such a God existed, He would prevent the occurrence of such evil. This is therefore a definitive proof of atheism, in the sense of denying the existence of God as He is conceived in the Judaeo-Christian tradition. It must be admitted, though, that this conception of God is a sharply-delineated and simplistic one, whereas many people nowadays have a soft-focus God. It is harder work for the atheist to refute the soft-focus God, although it can still be done.